Psychological Security of the Individual as a Functional Component of Professional Activity

Olha LAZORKO, Svitlana KOVAL, Olena HREK, Veronika SHKRABIUK, Myroslava KULESHA-LIUBINETS, Nelia BIHUN

Abstract


Consideration of professional safety as a functional component of professional activity includes analysis of categorical methodological grounding of this concept in psychological work in the context of ergonomic provision of effective professional activity by a complex of external worker’s  and individual worker’s protection, where special attention is paid to dangerous professions. First of all, took into account the need of accidents causes at work; determining the optimal workload in professional activities; identification of human reserve capabilities and ergonomic optimization of interaction processes with the production environment. The general, differentiated indicators of susceptibility to danger are specified; the preconditions for the formation of psychological security are determined; the factors of erroneous actions’ occurrence at performance of professional activity are allocated; the psychological provision of labor safety through a system of organizational measures is outlined. Historical digression in the application of a systematic approach to the analysis of professional activity, as well as general psychological provisions of the concept of systemogenesis of professional activity, the concept of structural and functional organization of self-regulation, the concept of maladaptive activity (risk readiness) and the concept of product ergonomics, personality in assessing the quality of human life. Elaboration on the definition of the work psychological signs and its gradations and development of receptions of professional self-preservation of the person is presented.


Keywords


occupational safety, professional motivation, system approach, labor psychology, ergonomic support, dangerous professions, accidents

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