The Influence of Physical Activity Regime on Body Composition among Adolescents with and without Intellectual Disabilities

Alexandru Rares PUNI, Adrian COJOCARIU, Beatrice Aurelia ABALAȘEI, Lucian POPESCU, Florentina Petruța MARTINAȘ, Codruța Florina BULDUȘ, Elena TĂTĂRANU, Cristian POPA, Carmen ENE-VOICULESCU, Carmen PÂRVU, Bogdan Constantin UNGUREAN


This study aims to assess several morphofunctional parameters in female teenagers with and without intellectual disability to characterise normality and its disturbances. More precisely, the purpose was to examine the factors contributing to the differences in body composition elements between groups, such as the physical activity level. To evaluate these parameters, we used bioelectrical impedance analysis technology (BIA), most commonly used in studies concerning body composition because it is non-invasive, quick, with high data fidelity; it can be easily moved to various locations and applied straightforwardly among populations with diverse types of intellectual disability. Our research sample comprised 212 subjects (boys and girls) aged 17.1±0.6, divided into six groups by gender and type of intellectual disability.  The study found influences of physical activity level on body composition components. In addition, we report a highly significant relationship for p<0.05, body mass index and the independent variable (No. of min./week) in some groups.


body composition; physical activity; intellectual disability

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