The Modern Approach to Rapport Building with Children Affected by Crisis Events

Yanina OVSIANNIKOVA, Svitlana LIEBIEDIEVA, Diana POKHILKO, Nataliia ONISHCHENKO, Liydmila GONTARENKO, Yurii SHYROBOKOV

Abstract


The article is dedicated to the problem of providing an opportune psychological aid to children who were affected by crisis events. Observation, surveys, conservation were used as the methods of the study. The article emphasizes that the rapport building with children and their parents is one of the first and basic steps to provide psychological help. In order to develop the effective psychological methods and techniques of working with children who were affected by crisis events, scientific works of Ukrainian and foreign scientists were analysed. Therefore, the positive regard, emergence of interest and topic of conservation were determined as essential aspects of any rapport establishing. As well as, the main goals of the rapport building are the abatement of emotional tension and mutual trust development. As a consequence of the study, two stages of the child-psychologist interaction were determined. The first is providing the sense of safety and the second is direct interaction with a child. Also, some rapport building techniques for children of different ages were proposed in the article. These techniques should be used only individually for each specific case. In addition, the rapport building is determined as an inalienable condition of any effective further treatment.


Keywords


psychological aid, rapport, psychotraumatic factors, crisis events, psychological trauma

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