The Relationship between Sociability and Professional "Burnout" of Medical Workers with Different Professional Experience

Galina A. Shurukhina, Elvira Sh. Shayakhmetova, Alsu R. Biktagirova, Lyudmila M. Matveeva, Elvira I. Karamova


The article considers the professional "burnout" from the standpoint of "emotional exhaustion", "depersonalization" and "reduction." The study of sociability performed by the system-functional approach of A.I. Krupnov, in which sociability is understood as a system of stable instrumental-style and motivational-semantic characteristics that provide the state of readiness and desire of the subject to interpersonal interaction. As a result of empirical research, it was revealed that medical staff (nurses), regardless of professional experience, are less susceptible to emotional “burnout” with an egocentric orientation of sociability. The specificity of the relationship between sociability and indicators of professional "burnout" among specialists with less work experience is manifested in the absence of significant associations of sociability variables with depersonalization. The specifics of the links of the interns are expressed in the relationship of social orientation and personal difficulties of sociability with the subjective perception of their professionalism, as well as in a larger number of connections of variables of sociability, instrumental-dynamic subsystem, increasing the risk of emotional exhaustion in professional activity.



Relationship; Medical Worker; Sociability; Professional Burnout; System-Functional Approach; Motivational-Semantic Subsystem; Regulatory-Dynamic Subsystem

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