Psychological Strategies for Overcoming the Life Crisis of the Individual in Postmodern Practical Psychology

Nataliia TROFAILA, Nataliia MATEIKO, Iryna MELNYK, Nataliia MAKSYMOVA, Oksana VDOVICHENKO, Svitlana VASKIVSKA

Abstract


The article talks about the personality-oriented approach of postmodern practical psychology to counseling a crisis client. Coping strategies for overcoming a life crisis by a person at the cognitive, emotional and behavioral levels are analyzed. Based on the consideration of practical work with crisis clients, algorithms for overcoming a crisis situation in the form of stages and phases of its experience are highlighted. The important role of neuropsychological correction at the first stage of work with the client is emphasized. Theoretical and methodological provisions of postmodern psychotherapy and practical psychology on the features of psychological support of a crisis client, taking into account his personal resource. The variability of the personality as one of its fundamental properties and the psychological mechanism providing a flexible choice of coping strategies, process of adaptation to conditions of crisis situation are considered. It is revealed that in the conditions of overcoming the life crisis there are personal transformations as expression and development of specific personal characteristics and properties. The model of overcoming a life crisis situation by an individual in the context of postmodern practical psychology is presented. In the presented author’s model of overcoming the personal crisis the postmodernist, personality-oriented and phenomenological approaches are applied.


Keywords


crisis situations, coping strategies, personal crisis, adaptation, postmodernism, personal resources, crisis, psychological assistance

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